Alentejo is a region with low population density, occupying almost 33% of the area of Portugal and having only 5.2% of its inhabitants. As one of the European regions with greater population decrease, it will only be possible to reverse the economic decline through a population influx.
So far, Alentejo has no cities with sufficient dimension to achieve economies of scale, partly because of a weak urban system, which is blocking its development. However, Évora, with approximately 50,000 inhabitants, presents a very positive dynamic with some potential to reverse this negative trend.Read more
For an effective regional development of Alentejo, it is critical to achieve the Alqueva Multi Purpose Project (Empreendimento de Fins Múltiplos do Alqueva) in its whole potential - agro-industry, agriculture, irrigation, tourism and renewable energies. This can be a great opportunity to develop the potential of Alentejo in the production of electricity from renewable sources, with emphasis on solar photovoltaics. The production will be carried out by centralized PV power plants, the Alqueva Hydroelectric Plant, small hydro plants, mini PV power plants and micro-generation.
The functional specialization, as a mechanism for creating competitive territories and stable employment, migth be a solution in the particular case of the Moura city and the surrounding territory, by the the promotion of a regional cluster in the area of solar PV and innovation.
Economic Viability - Commitments to development between 3 “actors” (central Government, Municipality and the private sector)
The economic viability of the project and the Government decision in terms of energy policy enabled a subsidised tariff, as well the following counterpart for the installation of the power plant:
- Construction of PV module assembly factory
- Establishment of a 3 M € Social Fund , contributed by Acciona and managed by a Commission formed by the CMM, DGEG and Acciona , that will be applied to the development of infrastructures to be owned by the municipality(CMM):
• Construction of a Laboratory of Renewable Energy
• Programme of dissemination and promotion of renewable energies
• Support for Research and Development
• Support for micro-generation
PV module assembly factory (MSF - Moura Fábrica Solar)
A €7.6 million PV panel manufacturing plant (MSF) will provide panels for the second stage of the Amareleja power station construction. The factory, located in Moura municipality (Amareleja parish, Baldio das Ferrarias), is being constructed by Acciona and became operational in December 2007. Its future production will be targeted at the international market, with a capacity of producing 24 MW of solar panels annually.
Economic Viability (because of the large size of the power plant)
Actually, the market for applications to be connected to the grid with significant centralized power installed (> 10 MW), is receiving particular attention from the investors.
Several economical reasons can be referred for this market trend:
- the high global demand has driven a significant increase in the Silicon price, causing an increase in the cost of PV panels and aggravating significantly the cost of the system (including installation) – the centralized facilities can be a solution to minimize these prices.
- centralized power plants allow large-scale orders, achieving significant reductions in the unitary cost of PV panels.
- central facilities allow potentially maximize the productivity of the electrical system by optimizing the exposure of the panels on the ground.
Production: 24 MW / year (minimum annual production capacity)
Investment: 7.65 M €
Start of production: December 2007
Jobs: 115 direct jobs
Minimum Work Period: 10 years
Possibility of doubling the annual production.
Industrial unit of exporting capacity.
Anchor unit of the Technological Park to be installed.
A development strategy
A development strategy has the goal of creation of a cluster in the field of solar energy. To achieve this objective it will be necessary to implement the centralised PV power plant and the PV module assembly factory (previously described), as well the Moura Technological Park (Tecnopólo de Moura), that will be managed by the municipal company “Lógica – Sociedade Gestora do Parque Tecnológico de Moura, E.M.”
Moura Technological Park by Renewable Energy as a progress factor for the Community, Municipality of Moura, C3P & NASA Technical Workshop 2007
Moura Technological Park
( total area ~35 ha)
UP11 – detail plan
PV module assembly factory
Laboratory of Renewable Energy
Research and Development
Installation of new businesses
Sustainable construction: Headquarters Building and Park Housing
New sources of energy
Support for Micro-generation
- Financing and supporting the installation of photovoltaic panels and solar thermal panels in households.
- Encouraging the spread of mini- centrals in institutions. Currently, there are already 3 installations : Professional School of Moura, Secondary School de Moura and BI School of Amareleja.
Despite the PV market trend, small-scale applications, grid connected, have more sustainable future, especially those relating to integration into buildings. Here are some reasons for that:
- Building-Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) materials can play additional functions to the generation of electricity, which should be a critical factor to the solar PV competitiveness, in the absence of government incentives.
- generally, renewable energy sources have low energy density. That require an extensive use of land for the installation of a particular power. Given the current trend of significant increase of the penetration of renewable energies in the energy systems, it is expected fierce competition for land resource. In this sense, the PV energy is in a privileged situation, if the market would be targeted for available buildings areas and other urban structures.
Development of the City and the Region
Sustainable Energy and Buiding - Urban Network for Competitiveness and Innovation, by ECOS Project
Establishment of companies
Local generation of wealth
Qualified employment creation
Installation of critical R & D capacity
International affirmation of the Moura city
Stimulation of specific segments of tourism
Relationship with other potentials (Alqueva, Termas, Heritage)
Respect and enhancement of high environmental value of the region
A municipality exporter of energy produced from renewable sources
Renewable Energy as a progress factor for the Community, Municipality of Moura, C3P & NASA Technical Workshop 2007
Rodrigues, Maria João; Energia Solar Fotovoltaica, spes.pt - Energias Renováveis
PNPOT, Programa Nacional da Política de Ordenamento do Território,territorioportugal.pt
This article is the part 3 of the article: “Alentejo: Solar Region”
“Photovoltaic Solar in Portugal” - part 1 of the article: “Alentejo: Solar Region”
“Moura (Amareleja) Photovoltaic Power Station” - part 2 of the article: “Alentejo: Solar Region”